The Australian state of New South Wales was founded as a colony in 1788.
LOCATION: On the eastern seaboard of Australia.
BORDERED BY: Victoria to the south, Queensland to the north and South Australia to the west.
CAPITAL & LARGEST CITY: Sydney pop 4.5million
POPULATION of STATE: 7.2million (1st in Australia)
AREA: 809,444 square kilometres (fifth-largest in Australia)
POPULATION DENSITY: 9.04per square kilometre (3rd in Australia)
CURRENCY: Australian dollar.
CLIMATE: Temperate in the south, sub-tropical in the north, hotter in the far west.
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: English.
TIME ZONE: (GMT +10)
PHONE PREFIX: +61 2 from overseas; 02 within Australia
FLAG: State flag has the Union Jack in one corner and a white circle with a cross of Saint George, centred by a golden lion passant guardant, and an eight-pointed gold star on each arm of the cross.
- Floral: Waratah
- Animal: Platypus
- Bird: Kookaburra
- Fish: Blue groper
- Colours: Sky blue
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